08. 부정사를 포함한 관용어구
1. enough to (~할 만큼 충분히 … 하다), so … as to (매우 …해서 …하다), so … that … can (아주 …해서 …할 수 있다)
His car is big enough to seat more than five people comfortably.
(그의 차는 다섯 사람 이상을 편안하게 태울 만큼 충분히 크다.)
= His car is so big as to seat more than five people comfortably.
= His car is so big that it can seat more than five people comfortably.
2. too … to / so … that … can’t
(아주 …해서 ~할 수 없다)
The meeting is too important for you to miss.
→ to miss의 목적어는 주어 the meeting과 같으므로 생략한다.
= The meeting is so important that you can’t miss.
(그 회의는 아주 중요해서 네가 놓칠 수 없다.
※ not too … to ~할 수 없을 만큼 …하지 않다
He is not too old to get married.
(그는 결혼을 할 수 없을 정도로 나이가 많지 않았다.)
= He is not so old that he can’t get married.
그는 나이가 너무 많지 않아서 결혼을 할 수 없다. (x)
→ 부정사와 짝꿍을 이루는 관용어구 앞에 not이 오면 해석은 뒤에서 거꾸로 한다.
3. in order to … / so as to … / so that ~ may[might] / …하기 위하여
You have to have some form of ambition in order to achieve your goals.
(목표를 달성하기 위해서는 당신은 어떤 형태로든 야망을 품어야 한다.)
= You have to have some form of ambition so as to achieve your goals.
= You have to have some form of ambition so that you might achieve your goals.
단문은 복문으로 복문은 단문으로 고쳐 쓰시오.
1. I believe him to be honest.
2. We thought the idea to be practical.
3. I think it too careless of you to lose your watch.
4. He found that it is difficult to understand her at times.
5. She seems to understand what I say.
1. I believe (that) he is honest.
(나는 그가 정직하다고 믿는다.)
2. We thought (that) the idea was practical.
(우리는 그 생각이 실현 가능하다고 생각했다.)
3. I think that it is too careless of you to lose your watch.
(내 생각엔 당신이 시계를 잃어버리는 것은 너무 경솔했다.)
4. He found it difficult to understand her.
(그는 가끔은 그녀를 이해하기가 어렵다는 것을 알았다.)
5. It seems that she understands what I say.
(그녀는 내 말을 이해하는 것처럼 보인다.)
6. He appears to have been pleased with the results.
7. He was so angry as to be unable to speak.
8. The sofa is too uncomfortable for me to sleep in.
9. He is kind enough to offer me his seat.
10. This suitcase is so heavy that I can’t carry it.
6. It appears that he was pleased with the results.
(그는 그 결과에 기뻐했는 것처럼 보인다.)
7. He was so angry that he was unable to speak.
(그는 매우 화가 나서 아무 말을 할 수가 없었다.)
8. The sofa is so uncomfortable that I can’t sleep in.
(그 소파는 너무 불편해서 내가 잠을 잘 수가 없다.)
9. He is so kind that he offers me his seat.
(그는 나에게 자신의 자리를 내놓을 만큼 친절하다.)
10. This suitcase is too heavy for me to carry it.
(이 여행 가방은 너무 무거워서 내가 가지고 다닐 수 없다.)