Voca 테스트 (9)

수능, 공무원 시험을 비롯한 각종 영어시험에서 출제되는 어휘와 독해문제들을 쉽게 풀 수 있도록 문맥 속에서 어휘의 의미를 제대로 파악할 수 있는 훈련을 제공합니다.

1.      Architects must consider whether their designs are likely to be very wet in sudden downpours.
(A) vulnerable
(B) drenched
(C) secure
(D) exposed

2.      A good auditorium will assure that the sound is able to be heard.
(A) superior
(B) genuine
(C) audible
(D) contained

3.      It was necessary to divide the movie Roots into five parts in order to show it on television.
(A) adapt
(B) abridge
(C) segment
(D) transact    

4.      In his biography, Thomas Hardy is described as a very industrious writer.
(A) sensible
(B) pessimistic
(C) diligent
(D) successful  

5.      Variations in the color of sea water from blue to green seem to be caused by high or low concentrations of salt.
(A) Changes
(B) Descriptions
(C) Measures
(D) Clarity

6.      What may be considered courteous in one culture may be interpreted as arrogant in another.
(A) clumsy
(B) sleazy
(C) surly
(D) flimsy

7.      A clever politician will take advantage of every speaking engagement to campaign for the next election.
(A) rash
(B) intrepid
(C) crude
(D) shrewd

8.      Home buyers are proceeding cautiously because of the high interest rates.
(A) hastily
(B) occasionally
(C) prudently
(D) deliberately

9.      Due to the efforts of conservationists and environmentalists, few people are unaware of the problems of endangered species.
(A) obstinate about
(B) ignorant of
(C) indifferent to
(D) adjacent to

10.   The development of general anesthetics has allowed doctors to operate without the pain once associated with surgery.
(A) fear
(B) protest
(C) rage
(D) anguish

정답 및 해설

1. (B) drenched 흠뻑 젖은(=soaked)
Drenched means very wet.
해석: 건축가는 디자인이 갑작스러운 폭우에 매우 젖을 가능성이 있는지 고려해야 한다.
어휘: vulnerable 취약한

2. (C) audible
Audible means able to be heard. Choice (A) means excellent. Choice (B) means true. Choice (D) means confined.
해석: 좋은 강당은 소리가 들릴 있도록 보장한다.

3. (C) segment
To segment means to divide into several parts. Choice (A) means to change. Choice (B) means to shorten. Choice (D) means to carry on business.
해석: 영화 Roots를 텔레비전에 보여주기 위해 다섯 부분으로 나눌 필요가 있었다.

4. (C) diligent
Diligent means industrious; hard-working. Choice (A) means practical. Choice (B) means taking a gloomy attitude. Choice (D) means having achieved wealth or position.
해석: 그의 전기에서 Thomas Hardy 매우 근면한 작가로 묘사된다.

5. (A) Changes
A variation is a change, especially
in reference to different forms of the same thing. Choice (B) is verbal
representation. Choice (C) is quantity or capacity. Choice (D) is clearness.
해석: 바닷물의 색이 파란색에서 녹색으로 변하는 것은 염분 농도가 높거나 낮기 때문인 같다.

6. (C) surly
Surly means arrogant; rude.
해석: 문화권에서는 예의 바르게 여겨질 있는 것이 다른 문화권에서는 오만하다고 해석될 있다.
어휘: clumsy 어설픈, 서투른 sleazy 지저분한, 추잡한 flimsy 조잡한, 엉성하게 만든

7. (D) shrewd
Shrewd means clever; able, especially in practical matters. Choice (A) means with little care. Choice (B) means fearless. Choice (C) means rough.

해석: 영리한 정치인은 모든 연설을 활용하여 다음 선거를 위한 캠페인을 벌일 것이다.
어휘: rash 경솔한, 성급한(reckless, impulsive) / intrepid 없는, 두려움을 모르는 / crude 날것의, 정제하지 않은

8. (C) prudently
Prudently means cautiously. Choice (A) means quickly. Choice (B) means from time to time. Choice (D) means on purpose.
해석: 높은 금리 때문에 주택 구입자들이 조심스럽게 일을 진행하고 있다.

9. (B) ignorant of
Ignorant means unaware; uninformed. Used in reference to either general knowledge or specific information. Choice (A) means stubborn. Choice (C) means disinterested. Choice (D) means near.
해석: 환경보호론자들과 환경운동가들의 노력으로 인해 멸종 위기에 처한 종의 문제를 모르는 사람이 거의 없다.

10. (D) anguish
Anguish is extreme pain. Choice (A) is fright; terror. Choice (B) is objection. Choice (C) is anger.
해석: 전신마취의 발달로 의사들은 수술과 관련된 통증 없이 수술을 할 수 있게 되었다.

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