2021 고1 6월 모의고사 영어 변형문제 (2)

찍신 이상엽 쌤이 제공하는 변형문제의 퀄리티는 평가원 수준 혹은 그 이상의 최고의 문제를 제공합니다.

2021 6월 고1 모의고사 변형문제 34
빈칸 추론 → 어휘]

(A), (B), (C)의 각 네모 안에서 문맥에 맞는 낱말로 가장 적절한 것은?
 It is common to assume that creativity concerns primarily the relation between actor(creator) and artifact(creation). However, from a sociocultural standpoint, the creative act is never “complete” in the (A) [absence / presence] of a second position—that of an audience. While the actor or creator him/himself is the first audience of the artifact being produced, this kind of distantiation can only be achieved by (B) [detaching / internalizing] the perspective of others on one’s work. This means that, in order to an audience to your own creation, a history of interaction with others is needed. We exist in a social world that constantly (C) [evades / confronts] us with the “view of the other.” It is the view we include and blend into our own activity, including creative activity. This outside perspective is essential for creativity because it gives new meaning and value to the creative act and its product. 
*artifact: 창작물



2021 6월 고1 모의고사 변형문제 35
흐름과 무관한 문장 → 요약문]

다음 글의 내용을 한 문장으로 요약하고자 한다. 빈칸 (A), (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?
 Health and the spread of disease are very closely linked to how we live and how our cities operate. The good news is that cities are incredibly resilient. Many cities have experienced epidemics in the past and have not only survived, but advanced. The nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries saw destructive outbreaks of cholera, typhoid, and influenza in European cities. Doctors such as John Snow, from England, and Rudolf Virchow, of Germany, saw the connection between poor living conditions, overcrowding, sanitation, and disease. A recognition of this connection led to the replanning and rebuilding of cities to stop the spread of epidemic. In the mid-nineteenth century, London’s pioneering sewer system, which still serves it today, was built as a result of understanding the importance of clean water in stopping the spread of cholera. 

Just as the    (A)    system of the mid-nineteenth century stopped epidemics, so the movement of urban rebuilding is helping to   (B)   the spread of epidemic.

(A)                     (B)

sanitation ……..…….. control
sanitation …….…..…. trigger

architecture …………. provoke
infrastructure …….…. trigger

infrastructure ……….. control

정답 및 해설

요약문 해석: 19세기 중반의 위생 시스템이 전염병을 막았던 것처럼 도시 재건 운동은 전염병의 확산을 통제하는데 도움이 되고 있다.

구문: Just as ~ (so) ~: ~ 마찬가지로, ~ 그렇다

해설: 문두 주제문에 건강과 질병의 확산 관계 우리가 어떻게 살고 우리의 도시가 어떻게 작동[질병에 대응]하느냐와 밀접하게 연관되어 있다고 했다. 부연설명문에 열악한 주거 환경, 인구 과밀이 질병과 연관성이 있다는 것을 알게 되어 전염병의 확산 막기 위해 도시 재계획과 재건축을 했다. 19세기 중반 런던의 하수 처리 시스템은 콜레라의 확산을 막기 위한 도시 재계획의 사례였다.

요약문의 (A) 들어갈 말은 본문의 London’s pioneering sewer system the sanitation system(위생 시설 시스템)으로 말을 바꿔쓰기 했다.

요약문 (B) 19세기 중반 도시 재계획과 재건축은 to stop the spread of epidemic(전염병의 확산을 막기 위한 ) 이므로 본문의 stop control 말을 바꿔쓰기 했다.

2021 6월 고1 모의고사 변형문제 36
글의 순서 → 제목]

다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은?
 Starting from birth, babies are immediately attracted to faces. Scientists were able to show this by having babies look at two simple images, one that looks more like a face than the other. By measuring where the babies looked, scientists found that the babies looked at the face-like image more than they looked at the non-face image. Even though babies have poor eyesight, they prefer to look at faces. But why? One reason babies might like faces is because of something called evolution. Evolution involves changes to the structures of an organism (such as the brain) that occur over many generations. These changes help the organisms to survive, making them alert to enemies. By being able to recognize faces from afar or in the dark, humans were able to know someone was coming and protect themselves from possible danger. 

  Interactive Activities of the Baby’s Brain

  Why We See Faces Everywhere

  Seeing Faces Keeps Us Safe

  How We Read Emotions from Faces

  The Elaborate Face-Detection Skills

정답 및 해설

해설: 태어나면서부터 아기는 사람 얼굴에 끌린다. 아기가 얼굴을 좋아하는 이유 하나는 진화때문이며, 진화는 세대에 걸쳐 뇌와 같은 유기체 구조에 변화를 가져왔다. 어둠 속에서도 적들을 알아보고 경계할 있도록 유기체 구조의 진화는 위험으로부터 자신을 보호했다. 따라서 얼굴을 보면 우리가 안전해진다 번이 적절하다.


     Interactive Activities of the Baby’s Brain (아기 두뇌의 상호 작용 활동)

     Why We See Faces Everywhere (우리가 도처에서 얼굴을 보는 이유)

     Seeing Faces Keeps Us Safe (얼굴을 보면 우리가 안전해진다)

     How We Read Emotions from Faces (얼굴에서 감정을 읽는 방법)

     The Elaborate Face-Detection Skills (정교한 얼굴 인식 기술)

Seeing Faces Keeps Us Safe
A baby can recognize the shapes of faces

2021 고1 6월 모의고사 영어 변형문제 (2)

2021 6월 고1 모의고사 변형문제 37
글의 순서 → 요약문]

다음 글의 내용을 한 문장으로 요약하고자 한다. 빈칸 (A), (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?
 People spend much of their time interacting with media, but that does not mean that people have the critical skills to analyze and understand it. One well-known study from Stanford University in 2016 demonstrated that youth are easily fooled by misinformation, especially when it comes through social media channels. This weakness is not found only in youth, however. Research from New York University found that people over 65 shared seven times as much misinformation as their younger counterpart. All of this raises a question: What’s the solution to the misinformation problem? Government and tech platforms certainly have a role to play in blocking misinformation. However, every individual needs to take responsibility for combating this threat by becoming more information literate. 
*counterpart: 상대방

Although governments may   (A)   people to combat digital misinformation, the first step in stopping the spread of misinformation lies with   (B)  .

(A)                    (B)

ask ……………… individuals
ask …..…………. social media

fool ……………… individuals
help …………..…. social media
help ………….….. you

정답 및 해설

요약문 해석: 정부가 사람들이 디지털 오보에 맞서 싸우도록 도울 있지만 잘못된 정보의 확산을 막는 번째 단계는 당신에게 있다.

해설: 빈칸 (A) governments ‘have a role to play in blocking misinformation’ governments ‘help people to combat digital misinformation’ 으로 말을 바꿔쓰기 했다.

빈칸 (B) ‘every individual needs to take responsibility for ….. the first step …… lies with you 말을 바꿔쓰기 했다.

목적어+to do 구문의 경우 ask 목적어가 to do 하기를 요구하다(require) 의미이다.

위 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은?

  Fighting Digital Misinformation

  What Is Misinformation?

  Learn Information Literate

  How to Improve Information Literate

  Threat of Misinformation in Education

정답 및 선지해석



  Fighting Digital Misinformation (디지털의 잘못된 정보와의 싸움)

  What Is Misinformation? (잘못된 정보란?)

  Learn Information Literate (정보 분별력을 학습하라)

  How to Improve Information Literate (정보 분별력 향상 방법)

  Threat of Misinformation in Education (교육의 잘못된 정보 위협)

2021 6월 고1 모의고사 변형문제 39
주어진 문장 넣기 → 낱말의 쓰임]

다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분 중, 문맥상 낱말의 쓰임이 적절하지 않은 것은?
 Food chain means the transfer of food energy from the source in plants through a series of organisms with the
repeated process of eating and being eaten. In a grassland, grass is eaten by rabbits while rabbits in turn are eaten by foxes. This is an example of a simple food chain. This food chain implies the sequence in which food energy is transferred from producer to consumer or higher trophic level. It has been observed that at each level of transfer, a large proportion, 80-90 percent, or the potential energy is lost as heat. Hence the number of steps or links in a sequence is widened, usually to four or five. The shorter the food chain or the nearer the organism is to the beginning of the chain, the greater the available energy intake is. 
*trophic: 영양의

정답 및 해설

정답 (widened restricted)
해설: 다음 문장에 The shorter the food chain (먹이 사슬이 짧을수록) 내용으로 보아, 하나의 연쇄 안에 있는 단계나 연결의 수가 4~5개로 (넓어진다 제한된다) 고쳐야 한다

food chain

2021 고1 6월 모의고사 영어 변형문제 (2)

2021 6월 고1 모의고사 변형문제 40
요약문 → 요약문]

다음 글의 내용을 한 문장으로 요약하고자 한다. 빈칸 (A), (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?
 A woman named Rhonda who attended the University of California at Berkeley had a problem. She was living near campus with several other people—none of whom knew one another. When the cleaning people came each weekend, they left several rolls of toilet paper in each of the two bathrooms. However, by Monday all the toilet paper would be gone. It was a classic tragedy-of-the-commons situation: because some people took more toilet paper than their fair share, the public resource was destroyed for everyone else. After reading a research paper about behavior change, Rhonda put a note in one of the bathrooms asking people not to remove the toilet paper, as it was a shared item. To her great satisfaction, one roll reappeared in a few hours, and another the next day. In the other note-free bathroom, however, there was no toilet paper until the following weekend, when the cleaning people returned. 

This experiment demonstrates that our willingness to cheat could be   (A)    if we are given reminders of   (B)   standards.

(A)                    (B)

enlarged ………….. immoral
enlarged ……….…. ethical

lessened …………. improper
diminished ……..…. ethical
diminished …….….. immoral

정답 및 해설


요약문 해석: 실험은 우리가 윤리적 기준의 작은 메모[상기시켜 주는 메모] 제공받으면 (타인을) 속이려는 우리의 의지가 줄어들 있음을 보여준다.  

서술형 테스트

해석을 참조해 괄호 안의 주어진 단어를 빈칸에 배열하시오.

This experiment demonstrates ____ _____ _____ ______ ____ ___ in helping ___ _______ our ethical standards.

해석: 실험은 작은 메모[상기시켜 주는 메모] 우리의 윤리 기준을 유지하는 얼마나 효과적인지를 보여준다.

(small reminders, how, can be, effective, maintain, us)

정답: This experiment demonstrates how effective small reminders can be in helping us maintain our ethical standards.

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