2023 고1 3월 모의고사 영어 변형문제 (4)

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2023 3월 고1 모의고사 변형문제 36번

[글의 순서 → 요약문]
다음 글의 내용을 한 문장으로 요약하고자 한다. 빈칸 (A), (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?
 
In the Old Stone Age, small bands of 20 to 60 people wandered from place to place in search of food. Once people began farming, they could settle down near their farms. As a result, towns and villagers grew larger. Living in communities allowed people to organize themselves more efficiently. They could divide up the work of producing food and other things they needed. While some workers grew crops, others built new houses and made tools. Village dwellers also learned to work together to do a task faster. For example, toolmakers could share the work of making stone axes and knives. By working together, they could make more tools in the same amount of time.
*dweller: 거주자

Along with    (A)    shelters, farming allowed people to form    (B)   communities.

(A)                    (B)

permanent …………… larger
permanent ……….…. more diverse

contemporary ………. closer
temporary ………..…. larger

temporary …………… more diverse

정답
본문의
settle down은 한 장소에서 많은 변화 없이 정착하다는 의미가 있다. 따라서 이 표현을 요약문에 permanent shelters 말을 바꿔쓰기 했다.
요약문 해석: 영구적인 주거지와 더불어 농업은 사람들이 더 큰 공동체를 형성할 수 있게 해주었다.

2023 3월 고1 모의고사 변형문제 38번

[주어진 문장 넣기 → 요지]
다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은?
 
All carbohydrates are basically sugars. Complex carbohydrates are the good carbohydrates for your body. These complex sugar compounds are very difficult to break down and can trap other nutrients like vitamin and minerals in their chains. As they slowly break down, the other nutrients are also released into your body, and can provide you with fuel for a number of hours. Bad carbohydrates, on the other hand, are simple sugars. Because their structure is not complex, they are easy to break down and hold few nutrients for your body other than the sugars from which they are made. Your body breaks down these carbohydrates rather quickly and what is cannot use is converted to fat and stored in the body.
*carbohydrate: 탄수화물 **convert: 바꾸다

  단순 탄수화물은 신체에서 빨리 분해되므로 가장 빠른 에너지원이다.

  단당류는 대부분 다이어트에서 권장하지 않고 있다.

  탄수화물은 몸에 좋을 수도 있고 나쁠 수도 있다.

  단순 탄수화물은 복합 탄수화물에 비해 필수 영양소를 빨리 분해한다.

  건강한 다이어트는 오직 좋은 탄수화물만을 섭취하는 것을 말한다.


정답 ③

2023 3월 고1 모의고사 변형문제 39번

[주어진 문장 넣기 → 빈칸추론]
다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은?
 
People commonly make the mistaken assumption that because a person has one type of characteristic, then they automatically have other characteristics which go with it. In one study, university students were given descriptions of a guest lecturer before he spoke to the group. Half the students received a description containing the word ‘warm’, the other half were told the speaker was ‘cold’. The guest lecturer then led a discussion, after which the students were asked to give their impressions of him. As expected, there were large differences between the impressions formed by the students, depending upon their        information of the lecturer. It was also found that those students who expected the lecturer to be warm tended to interact with him more. This shows that different expectations not only affect the impressions we form but also our behaviour and the relationship which is formed.

reliable   common    original
critical    additional

정답 ③

위 글의 요약문은 다음과 같다.
Negative or positive expectations developed early in a relationship can affect all other circumstances regarding that person and our relationship.
(관계 초기에 형성된 부정적이거나 긍정적인 기대는 그 사람과 우리의 관계에 관한 다른 모든 상황에 영향을 미칠 수 있다.)

It seems to be the case that once we place someone in good or bad impression, we do not deduce all other qualities from this decision.
(일단 우리가 어떤 사람을 좋고 나쁨으로 평가하면, 우리는 이 결정에서 다른 모든 자질을 추론하지 않는 경우가 있는 것 같다.)

2023 3월 고1 모의고사 변형문제 40번

[요약문 → 제목]
다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은?
 
To help decide what’s risky and what’s safe, who’s trustworthy and who’s not, we look for social evidence. From an evolutionary view, following the group is almost always positive for our prospects of survival. “If everyone’s doing it, it must be a sensible thing to do,” explains famous psychologist and best selling writer of Influence, Robert Cialdini. While we can frequently see this today in product reviews, even subtler cues within the environment can signal trustworthiness. Consider this: a line outside or is it easy to find a seat? It is a hassle to wait, but a line can be a powerful cue that the food’s tasty, and these seats are in demand. More often than not, it’s good to adopt the practices of those around you.
*subtle: 미묘한 **hassle: 성가신

     We Seek Safety in Numbers

     Types of Decision Making Conditions

     Making Decisions under Uncertainty and Risk

     A Novel Solution to Find Safe and Trustworthy Restaurant

     Social Proof: Psychological Reference to Certain Behaviors

정답 ①
[
선지해석]

  숫자로 안전을 추구한다

  의사 결정 조건의 유형

  불확실성과 위험 속에서 의사결정

  안전하고 믿을 수 있는 식당을 찾기 위한 새로운 솔루션

  사회적 증명: 특정 행동에 대한 심리적 참조

찍신쌤은 대구여고, 경신고, 대륜고, 정화여고, 경북고, 사대부고, 남산고, 청구고, 대구외고 등 대구지역 수험생들을 위해 내신 맞춤 문제를 제공하고 있습니다. 대구지역 수업문의: jasnkid@naver.com

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